|AHELP for CIAO 4.9 Sherpa v1||
Calculates the absorption of X-rays by the ISM, allowing user to vary all abundances, depletion factors, and grain properties. XSPEC model.
The Tuebingen-Boulder ISM absorption model. This model calculates the cross section for X-ray absorption by the ISM as the sum of the cross sections for X-ray absorption due to the gas-phase ISM, the grain-phase ISM, and the molecules in the ISM. In the grain-phase ISM, the effect of shielding by the grains is accounted for, but is extremely small. In the molecular contribution to the ISM cross section, only molecular hydrogen is considered. In the gas-phase ISM, the cross section is the sum of the photoionization cross sections of the different elements, weighted by abundance and taking into account depletion onto grains.
In addition to the updates to the photoionization cross sections, the gas-phase cross section differs from previous values as a result of updates to the ISM abundances. These updated abundances are available through the set_xsabund('wilm') command. Details of updates to the photoionization cross sections as well as to abundances can be found in Wilms, Allen and McCray (2000, ApJ 542, 914).
The xstbvarabs model allows the user to vary the molecular hydrogen column, the grain distribution parameters, and the elemental abundances. See also the xstbabs, xsztbabs, and xstbgrain models.
This is a multiplicative model component.
|1||nH||equivalent hydrogen column (in units of 10^22 atoms/cm^2)|
|2-18||(element)||columns of He, C, N, O, Ne, Na, Mg, Al, Si, S, Cl, Ar, Ca, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni (in units of 10^22 atoms/cm^2)|
|19||H2||molecular hydrogen column (in units of 10^22 atoms/cm^2)|
|20||rho||grain density (in gm/cm^3)|
|21||amin||grain minimum size (in microns)|
|22||amax||grain maximum size (in microns)|
|23||PL||power law index of grain sizes|
|24-41||(element)_dep||e.g. "si_dep"; grain depletion fractions of He, C, N, O, Ne, Na, Mg, Al, Si, S, Cl, Ar, Ca, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni|
This information is taken from the XSPEC User's Guide. Version 12.9.0o of the XSPEC models is supplied with CIAO 4.9.
For a list of known bugs and issues with the XSPEC models, please visit the XSPEC bugs page.
To check the X-Spec version used by Sherpa, use the get_xsversion routine from the xspec module:
sherpa> from sherpa.astro.xspec import get_xsversion sherpa> get_xsversion() '12.9.0o'
- absorptionedge, absorptiongaussian, absorptionlorentz, absorptionvoigt, accretiondisk, atten, bbody, bbodyfreq, beta1d, beta2d, blackbody, box1d, box2d, bpl1d, bremsstrahlung, brokenpowerlaw, ccm, const1d, const2d, cos, delta1d, delta2d, dered, devaucouleurs2d, disk2d, edge, emissiongaussian, emissionlorentz, emissionvoigt, erf, erfc, exp, exp10, fm, gauss1d, gauss2d, hubblereynolds, jdpileup, linebroad, list_model_components, list_models, lmc, load_xscflux, load_xsgsmooth, load_xsireflect, load_xskdblur, load_xskdblur2, load_xskerrconv, load_xslsmooth, load_xspartcov, load_xsrdblur, load_xsreflect, load_xssimpl, load_xszashift, load_xszmshift, log, log10, logabsorption, logemission, logparabola, lorentz1d, lorentz2d, models, normbeta1d, normgauss1d, normgauss2d, opticalgaussian, poisson, polynom1d, polynom2d, polynomial, powerlaw, powlaw1d, recombination, scale1d, scale2d, schechter, seaton, sersic2d, shell2d, sigmagauss2d, sin, sm, smc, sqrt, stephi1d, steplo1d, tablemodel, tan, xgal, xs, xsabsori, xsacisabs, xsagauss, xsapec, xsbapec, xsbbody, xsbbodyrad, xsbexrav, xsbexriv, xsbkn2pow, xsbknpower, xsbmc, xsbremss, xsbvapec, xsbvvapec, xsc6mekl, xsc6pmekl, xsc6pvmkl, xsc6vmekl, xscabs, xscemekl, xscevmkl, xscflow, xscompbb, xscompls, xscompmag, xscompps, xscompst, xscomptb, xscompth, xscomptt, xsconstant, xsconvolve, xscplinear, xscutoffpl, xscyclabs, xsdisk, xsdiskbb, xsdiskir, xsdiskline, xsdiskm, xsdisko, xsdiskpbb, xsdiskpn, xsdust, xsedge, xseplogpar, xseqpair, xseqtherm, xsequil, xsexpabs, xsexpdec, xsexpfac, xsezdiskbb, xsgabs, xsgadem, xsgaussian, xsgnei, xsgrad, xsgrbm, xsheilin, xshighecut, xshrefl, xskerrbb, xskerrd, xskerrdisk, xslaor, xslaor2, xslogpar, xslorentz, xslyman, xsmeka, xsmekal, xsmkcflow, xsnei, xsnotch, xsnpshock, xsnsa, xsnsagrav, xsnsatmos, xsnsmax, xsnsmaxg, xsnsx, xsnteea, xsnthcomp, xsoptxagn, xsoptxagnf, xspcfabs, xspegpwrlw, xspexmon, xspexrav, xspexriv, xsphabs, xsplabs, xsplcabs, xsposm, xspowerlaw, xspshock, xspwab, xsraymond, xsredden, xsredge, xsrefsch, xsrnei, xssedov, xssirf, xssmedge, xsspexpcut, xsspline, xssrcut, xssresc, xssss_ice, xsstep, xsswind1, xstbabs, xstbgrain, xsuvred, xsvapec, xsvarabs, xsvbremss, xsvequil, xsvgadem, xsvgnei, xsvmcflow, xsvmeka, xsvmekal, xsvnei, xsvnpshock, xsvphabs, xsvpshock, xsvraymond, xsvrnei, xsvsedov, xsvvapec, xsvvgnei, xsvvnei, xsvvnpshock, xsvvpshock, xsvvrnei, xsvvsedov, xswabs, xswndabs, xsxion, xszagauss, xszbabs, xszbbody, xszbremss, xszdust, xszedge, xszgauss, xszhighect, xszigm, xszpcfabs, xszphabs, xszpowerlw, xszredden, xszsmdust, xsztbabs, xszvarabs, xszvfeabs, xszvphabs, xszwabs, xszwndabs, xszxipcf