Compute approximate energy range for on-orbit PHA filter.
acis_check_pha_range infile [mskfile] [binsize] [verbose]
All ACIS observations use an on-orbit PHA filter. The values used on orbit are stored in the Level 1 mask file, *_msk1.fits: PHAMIN and PHAMAX column values. The default filter used by most observations retains event with energies in the approximately the 0.2 to 14 keV range.
However, observers may request an arbitrary energy filter. The only advantage to using an energy filter is when the expected count rate in the field would be near the telemetry saturation limit. Nonetheless, there are numerous observations which specify an energy filter with low count fields.
The problem is that observers specify a filter in energy units (keV). The actual filtering on orbit is done on the events' Pulse Height Amplitude (PHA), in ADU (engineering) units. The on orbit PHA value differs from the PHA value computed by acis_process_events since it does not include CTI corrections. The on-orbit PHA value is closest to the PHA_RO (PHA Read Out) value in the event list. As a result, the gain conversion from on-orbit PHA_RO to observed ENERGY varies spatially (due to CTI and node-to-node gain settings), varies with energy (gain is non-linear with energy), and varies with time (short term CTI temperature dependent effects and long term time adjustments).
The purpose of this script then is to compute an estimated gain based on the actual observed event data, and use it to compute an approximate energy range where all events were telemetered. Users should then ensure that the energy range used in their analysis (eg, energy range used when fitting spectrum) falls within these limits.
Description of Algorithm
This tool works by ignoring the temporal and spectral (non-linear) gain variations. It computes a gain map (eV/ADU) in CHIP coordinates by computing the mean ENERGY/PHA_RO of the events in 128x128 blocks (default binsize). It then applies these gain values to the PHA_RO limits obtained from the level1 mask: PHAMIN and PHAMAX column values. The maximum, low energy and the minimum, high energy values are then a conservative, approximate set of energy limits. This algorithm is described in greater detail in the Understanding ACIS on-orbit energy filters why topic.
unix% acis_check_pha_range 5705/primary/acisf05705N003_evt2.fits.gz
acis_check_pha_range infile = 5705/primary/acisf05705N003_evt2.fits.gz mskfile = binsize = 128 verbose = 1 mode = ql Using maskfile: '5705/secondary/acisf05705_000N003_msk1.fits' Processing data for CCD_ID=2 Processing data for CCD_ID=3 Processing data for CCD_ID=5 Processing data for CCD_ID=6 Processing data for CCD_ID=7 Processing data for CCD_ID=8 #ccd_id pha_lo pha_hi E_lo E_hi 2 39 2499 192.1 9383.1 3 39 2499 191.3 9892.4 5 26 2499 127.6 10808.6 6 39 2499 202.8 9642.1 7 26 2499 128.9 11380.3 8 39 2499 202.8 10662.5 Conservative limits are 202.8 to 9383.1 eV
This example shows the results for OBSID 5705. The observation used a non-standard high energy threshold. The requested cutoff, as reported by ChaSER, was 10keV. However, due to gain corrections on different chips, the energy cutoff on CCD_ID 2 is **approximately** 9.4 keV.
unix% acis_check_pha_range 5705/primary/acisf05705N003_evt2.fits.gz bin=32
acis_check_pha_range infile = 5705/primary/acisf05705N003_evt2.fits.gz mskfile = binsize = 32 verbose = 1 mode = ql Using maskfile: '5705/secondary/acisf05705_000N003_msk1.fits' Processing data for CCD_ID=2 Processing data for CCD_ID=3 Processing data for CCD_ID=5 Processing data for CCD_ID=6 Processing data for CCD_ID=7 Processing data for CCD_ID=8 #ccd_id pha_lo pha_hi E_lo E_hi 2 39 2499 306.9 9192.8 3 39 2499 310.1 9812.4 5 26 2499 264.6 10759.3 6 39 2499 326.2 9561.1 7 26 2499 208.1 11232.7 8 39 2499 305.6 10591.7 Conservative limits are 326.2 to 9192.8 eV
The same as the previous example but now using a smaller bin size. Since this observation contains a low number of counts, the mean gain value in each bin is somewhat sensitive to the binsize. The approximate low energy threshold has changed from 0.2 to 0.36keV.
unix% acis_check_pha_range 2785/primary/acisf02785N003_evt2.fits.gz
acis_check_pha_range infile = 2785/primary/acisf02785N003_evt2.fits.gz mskfile = binsize = 128 verbose = 1 mode = ql Using maskfile: '2785/secondary/acisf02785_000N003_msk1.fits' Processing data for CCD_ID=2 Processing data for CCD_ID=3 Processing data for CCD_ID=5 Processing data for CCD_ID=6 Processing data for CCD_ID=7 Processing data for CCD_ID=8 #ccd_id pha_lo pha_hi E_lo E_hi 2 126 3124 554.6 11794.5 3 126 3124 592.9 12370.8 5 126 3124 613.8 13579.9 6 126 3124 602.3 12109.2 7 126 3124 622.8 14141.2 8 126 3124 640.2 13332.6 Conservative limits are 640.2 to 11794.5 eV
OBSIS 2785 is an example were a low energy threshold was requested. The requested threshold was 0.5keV. Based on the approximate gain maps, the minimum safe energy (above which we expect to have received all events) is closer to 0.64 keV.
Detailed Parameter Descriptions
Parameter=infile (file required filetype=input stacks=no)
Input ACIS Level 2 event file.
The level 2 event file. Users should not use the Level 1 event file since the bad grades and bad pixels lead to different gain estimates.
Parameter=mskfile (file not required filetype=input)
The ACIS mask file
The mask file, *_msk1.fits, for the observation. If left blank, the tool will attempt to locate the file specified in the MASKFILE keyword in the event file.
Parameter=binsize (integer default=128)
Block size in chip coordinates used to estimate the gain.
The gain is estimated by computing the mean ENERGY/PHA_RO for the events in 128x128 blocks (in chip coordinates). Since it is computing an average, a large number of events is required to get a meaningful estimate. For observations with large number of events, the binsize can be decreased to better capture the spatial variation across the detector.
Since the mean gain must not be compute across node boundaries, the binsize is restricted to the following values: 1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128,256.
Parameter=verbose (integer default=1 min=0 max=5)
Amount of tool chatter level.
About Contributed Software
This script is not an official part of the CIAO release but is made available as "contributed" software via the CIAO scripts page. Please see this page for installation instructions.
See the bug pageson the CIAO website for an up-to-date listing of known bugs.
Refer to the CIAO bug pages for an up-to-date listing of known issues.
- acis_build_badpix, acis_clear_status_bits, acis_detect_afterglow, acis_find_afterglow, acis_process_events, acis_streak_map, acisreadcorr, destreak, readout_bkg