Last modified: December 2023

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AHELP for CIAO 4.16 Sherpa


Context: data


Simulate a data set.


fake(id=None, method=poisson_noise)

id - int or str, optional
method - func


Take a data set, evaluate the model for each bin, and then use this value to create a data value from each bin. The default behavior is to use a Poisson distribution, with the model value as the expectation value of the distribution.


Example 1

Create a random realisation of the model - a constant plus gaussian line - for the range x=-5 to 5.

>>> dataspace1d(-5, 5, 0.5, dstype=Data1D)
>>> set_source(gauss1d.gline + const1d.bgnd)
>>> bgnd.c0 = 2
>>> gline.fwhm = 4
>>> gline.ampl = 5
>>> gline.pos = 1
>>> fake()
>>> plot_data()
>>> plot_model(overplot=True)

Example 2

For a 2D data set, display the simulated data, model, and residuals:

>>> dataspace2d([150, 80], id='fakeimg')
>>> set_source('fakeimg', beta2d.src +
>>> src.xpos, src.ypos = 75, 40
>>> src.r0, src.alpha = 15, 2.3
>>> src.ellip, src.theta = 0.4, 1.32
>>> src.ampl = 100
>>> bg.c, bg.cx1, bg.cy1 = 3, 0.4, 0.3
>>> fake('fakeimg')
>>> image_fit('fakeimg')


The parameters for this function are:

Parameter Definition
id The identifier for the data set to use. If not given then the default identifier is used, as returned by `get_default_id` .
method The function used to create a random realisation of a data set.


The function for the method argument accepts a single argument, the data values, and should return an array of the same shape as the input, with the data values to use.

The function can be called on any data set, it does not need to have been created with `dataspace1d` or `dataspace2d` .

Specific data set types may have their own, specialized, version of this function.


See the bugs pages on the Sherpa website for an up-to-date listing of known bugs.

See Also

copy_data, dataspace1d, dataspace2d, datastack, delete_data, fake_pha, get_axes, get_bkg_chisqr_plot, get_bkg_delchi_plot, get_bkg_fit_plot, get_bkg_model_plot, get_bkg_plot, get_bkg_ratio_plot, get_bkg_resid_plot, get_bkg_source_plot, get_counts, get_data, get_data_contour, get_data_contour_prefs, get_data_image, get_data_plot, get_data_plot_prefs, get_dep, get_dims, get_error, get_quality, get_specresp, get_staterror, get_syserror, group, group_adapt, group_adapt_snr, group_bins, group_counts, group_snr, group_width, load_arf, load_arrays, load_ascii, load_bkg, load_bkg_arf, load_bkg_rmf, load_data, load_grouping, load_image, load_multi_arfs, load_multi_rmfs, load_pha, load_quality, load_rmf, load_staterror, load_syserror, load_table, pack_image, pack_pha, pack_table, set_data, set_quality, ungroup, unpack_arf, unpack_arrays, unpack_ascii, unpack_bkg, unpack_data, unpack_image, unpack_pha, unpack_rmf, unpack_table
get_filter, load_filter, set_filter
get_default_id, list_bkg_ids, list_data_ids, list_response_ids
add_model, add_user_pars, clean, load_table_model, load_template_interpolator, load_template_model, load_user_model, save_model, save_source
plot_data, set_xlinear, set_xlog, set_ylinear, set_ylog
save_arrays, save_data, save_delchi, save_error, save_filter, save_grouping, save_image, save_pha, save_quality, save_resid, save_staterror, save_syserror, save_table
calc_data_sum, calc_data_sum2d, calc_ftest, calc_kcorr, calc_mlr, calc_model_sum2d, calc_source_sum2d, get_rate
contour, contour_data, contour_ratio, histogram1d, histogram2d, image_data, rebin